Here’s my top 5 ways of becoming proficient in another language:
Number 5: Teach yourself
There are lots of books, courses and online resources which you can start looking at to learn the basics. From experience I would recommend that you start with a beginner’s course with audio learning aids so that you can practice pronunciation and understanding native speakers.
I also advocate learning the grammar, whilst this may put a lot of people off you really will need to understand the different parts and tenses of the verbs etc. in order to get beyond the most basic of conversations.
I found that complete courses such as the Linguaphone Portuguese Course suited me better. It seemed a little out of date but covered a lot of ground.
It’s also a good idea to continue teaching yourself no matter what other options you go for. Even a basic grammar book to go through each day/week would really help. Doing little and often is the key and if you have materials at home then you can always keep learning.
Number 4: Group Classes
I’ve separated group classes with one-to-one tuition because they really are very different. Groups classes come in two main forms – in your native language or in your new language. A lot of teachers will teach in the subject language, even back home, because it gets you used to hearing the language. If you learn in your new country they will almost definitely be so.
In Portugal the local authorities put on free Portuguese lessons for any expats wishing to learn. Our area was very multicultural so we had Brits, French, German, Ukranian and more in our classes. The classes were all in Portuguese for obvious reasons.
Group classes are good to practice (especially if you are still back home) but there are 3 main downsides:
- you won’t get as much individual help (depends on class size)
- if you are shy then you may find it somewhat stressful
- everyone is at a different level so the classes will cater for the most basic level
Number 3: One-to-one tuition
One-to-one tuition is very different to group classes. Although they are likely to be much more expensive you also get much more value for money. The advantages are that the lessons will be individually tailored to you, your ability and what you want to learn. You can also spend a lot more time on whatever aspects you choose. Embarrassment and shyness will be non-issues and this can give you a lot more confidence when you try your new skills in real life.
What worked best for me was having two lessons per week, one on grammar and the other purely conversational. Practicing speaking and understanding was my main focus so it was important for me to get a good balance with learning the more structural side.
Number 2: Go to an immersion school
I’ve never tried this but it is possible to go abroad for 2-4 weeks on special language holidays. They usually follow the pattern of having lessons throughout the day and you are usually only allowed to speak your target language. After a few weeks of this you are bound to be speaking to a reasonable degree. They tend to be very expensive and probably aren’t for the less confident.
Number 1: Live with a native
By far and away, from my experience, of learning a new language (especially in a colloquial sort of way) is to live with a native speaker. Now, I didn’t actually live with a native, I lived with someone who spoke Portuguese almost fluently.
What helped more than anything was constant speaking and listening in Portuguese. I was picking up colloquialisms (admittedly there were a lot of swear words in there) almost by diffusion and growing in confidence without even realising.
I had done courses and lessons all before I lived with a native speaker which helped tremendously and throughout I still kept learning the grammar and going to individual tuition but it is the practice that living with someone gives you that makes all the difference.
No matter which or all of the above methods you try I would recommend to self-teach no matter what. Arm yourself with some good grammar and vocabulary books and you can’t go far wrong.
Remember practice makes perfect. Once you are abroad practice as much as possible and set yourself tasks and goals. Every day try to go and out and strike up even the most basic conversation. Every time you go to the cafe or bar try asking for one more thing or in a different way. There is no substitution for real-life experience. But no matter what, do not give up and don’t ever think you can’t do it, no matter how old you are!