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National Days in the EU

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Today is St David’s Day, the national day of Wales. So, I thought it’d be fitting to provide a list of all national days for the current EU countries. I’ve also included any dependencies that are also located in Europe and as United Kingdom does not have a recognised national day the four constituent nations of the UK (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) all have their own Saint’s Day so they are included:

Austria 26 October (The Neutrality Constitution of 1955)
Belgium 21 July (Belgian National Day and 14 July in Liège, commemorates Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld taking the oath as first king of the Belgians in 1831). 14 July
Bulgaria 3 March (Liberation Day, signature of the Preliminary Peace Treaty of San Stefano between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire in 1878)
Croatia 25 June (Statehood Day, declaration of independence from Yugoslavia 1991)
Cyprus 1 October (Independence Day (from the UK) 1960)
Czech Republic 28 October (Independence from Austria-Hungary (as Czechoslovakia) 1918)
Denmark (no official National Day) 5 June (Constitution of 1849)
Estonia 24 February (Independence Day, declaration of independence from Russia 1918)
Finland 6 December (Independence Day, declaration of independence from Russia 1917)
France 14 July (Bastille Day, 14 July 1789)
Germany 3 October (German Unity Day, unification of West Germany and East Germany 1990)
Greece 25 March (Start of War of Independence from Ottoman Empire 1821), 28 October (Ohi Day, rejection of the Italian ultimatum 1940)
Hungary 15 March (1848 Revolution memorial day), 20 August (St. Stephen’s day), 23 October (1956 Revolution memorial day)
Ireland 17 March (St. Patrick’s Day, patron saint of Ireland)
Italy 2 June (Festa della Repubblica, Italy became a republic in 1946 – Giuseppe Garibaldi died on this date in 1882)
Latvia 18 November (Declaration of independence from Russia 1918)
Lithuania 16 February (Lithuanian State Reestablishment Day, declaration of independence from Russia and Germany 1918); 6 July (Statehood Day, establishment of the medieval Lithuanian kingdom by Mindaugas in 1253.)
Luxembourg 23 June (the Monarch’s birthday)
Malta 31 March (Freedom Day, withdrawal of British troops from Malta 1979), 7 June (Sette Giugno, bread riot of 1919 where 4 Maltese men died), 8 September (Victory Day, victory over the Ottoman Empire in the Great Siege of Malta 1565; Italian government publicly announced agreement to an armistice with the WWII Allies, therefore ending the attacks on Malta by the Italians 1943) 21 September (Independence Day, independence from the United Kingdom 1964), 13 December (Republic Day, republican constitution of 1974, therefore becoming a republic).
Netherlands (country) 27 April (King’s Day, King Willem-Alexander’s birthday), 5 May (Liberation Day, from Nazi Germany in 1945)
Poland 3 May (Święto Konstytucji 3 Maja, Constitution Day, 1791), 11 November, (Święto Niepodległości, Independence Day, restoration of independence from Austro-Hungary, Prussia, and Russia in 1918)
Portugal 10 June (Portugal Day, “Day of Portugal, Camões, and the Portuguese Communities”, National Poet Luís de Camões dies in 1580)
Romania 1 December (Union Day, unification with Transylvania 1918)
Slovakia 29 August (Slovak National Uprising Day, start of a Slovak uprising against Nazi Germany 1944), 1 September (Constitution Day, independence from Czechoslovakia 1993)
Slovenia 25 June (Statehood Day, declaration of independence from Yugoslavia 1991)
Spain 12 October (Fiesta Nacional de España, Columbus discovery of America 1492)
Sweden 6 June (Gustav Vasa is elected King of Sweden 1523, the constitutions of 1809 and 1974)

Catalonia (Spain) 11 September (Catalonia loses its nominal independence and constitutions after the fall of Barcelona 1714)
England, United Kingdom 23 April (St George’s Day, patron saint of England, not a bank holiday)
Gibraltar, United Kingdom 10 September (Gibraltar National Day, people of Gibraltar vote to reject Spanish sovereignty or association 1967)
Isle of Man, British Islands (usually) 5 July (Tynwald Day, Tynwald (parliament) annual meeting)
Jersey, British Islands 9 May (Liberation Day, the end of the German Occupation of the Channel Islands during World War II 1945)
Guernsey and Dependencies, British Islands 9 May (Liberation Day, the end of the German Occupation of the Channel Islands during World War II 1945)
Madeira Day 1 July (Autonomy from Portugal)
Minorca, Spain 17 January (Alfonso III of Aragon took the island from Muslims, 1287)
Kingdom of the Netherlands 15 December (Kingdom day, signing of the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands 1954)
Northern Ireland, United Kingdom 17 March (St. Patrick’s Day), 12 July (Battle of the Boyne Day)
Sark, Guernsey, British Islands 9 May (Liberation Day on 10 May, the end of the German Occupation of the Channel Islands during World War II 1945)
Scotland, United Kingdom 30 November (St. Andrew’s Day, patron saint of Scotland, now a bank holiday)
Wales 1 March (St. David’s Day, patron saint)

All information courtesy of Wikipedia. Image courtesy of Matt Banks /

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